Your Theory of Knowledge Influences How You Learn

Theory of knowledge

Your theory of knowledge refers to your beliefs about what knowledge is and how you get it. You may think you don’t have a theory of knowledge. But, even if you don’t regularly philosophize about the nature of knowledge you still, most likely, have more or less implicit ideas about it. Think … [Read more...]

Does High Intelligence Mean Low Cognitive Bias?

Think Without Cognitive Bias

In thinking through any complex issue, there are going to be different possible solutions and perspectives. Ideally, a smart and critical thinker would reason through the pros and cons of the different possibilities and come to a balanced view of the issue. Yet a great deal of research finds that … [Read more...]

Argumentation Is More Than Just Knowing Why You Are Right

Basic Argumentation

Argumentation is the thought process used to develop and present arguments. It is closely related to critical thinking and reasoning. Argumentation belongs among the essential 21st century cognitive skills. We face complex issues that require careful, balanced reasoning to resolve. Perhaps for … [Read more...]

Spotting Fallacious Arguments

fallacious argument

Starting an argument with someone can be a great way to learn more about a topic. Arguments help us check our own thinking, come to terms with someone else’s reasoning, and occasionally even arrive at a shared understanding about what we believe to be true. Everyday arguments are often messy. The … [Read more...]

Confirmation Bias: 3 Effective (and 3 Ineffective) Cures

Confirmation bias

Confirmation bias is a fancy way of describing our human inclination to see what we want to see. In other words, we like to look for and interpret information in ways that confirm our expectations. The language makes it sound like confirmation bias is something only scientists can be afflicted … [Read more...]

Critical Thinking in Decision Making

critical thinking in decision making

Critical thinking is often talked about as a stand-alone activity. Like some other individual activities, thinking critically may just feel good. Yet, critical thinking seems most useful when it aids other cognitive processes, such as applying critical thinking in decision making. Anne Helsdingen … [Read more...]

Critical Thinking Skills: What are They and How Do I Get Them?

critical thinking skills

Critical thinking is often touted as a superior, desirable way to go about resolving the issues one faces. But what is critical thinking, really? How is it done?  Can anyone do it, or are Spock-like mental abilities required? Critical thinking is sometimes talked about as a near-mystical skill … [Read more...]

How Can You Tell if Your Spouse (or Service Professional) Knows What They’re Talking About?

check for understanding

Does your spouse really know how the dishwasher works or are they just trying to fake it? Being able to check for understanding…can save you time and money. Is it worth it to have your husband try his luck as a handyman first, or might you just go ahead and call a service professional instead? Is … [Read more...]