Desirable Difficulties: If at First You Don’t Succeed…You May Have Learned More than You Thought

desirable difficulties unlock the memory vault

We’ve all been there, faced with a question or task related to a topic we’ve previously learned, thinking “I know that I know this…why can’t I think of the answer!?” So why is it difficult to remember something we’ve previously learned? Research by Elizabeth Bjork and Robert Bjork, at the … [Read more...]

Motivated to Fail: When Flunking Becomes an Ambition

motivation to fail

Motivation to succeed means you’re determined to do well. What is the opposite of being motivated to succeed? Well, it must be lack of motivation, or not caring. Because surely nobody is motivated to do poorly, or are they? A recent study published in the Journal of Educational Psychology shows … [Read more...]

Your Theory of Knowledge Influences How You Learn

Theory of knowledge

Your theory of knowledge refers to your beliefs about what knowledge is and how you get it. You may think you don’t have a theory of knowledge. But, even if you don’t regularly philosophize about the nature of knowledge you still, most likely, have more or less implicit ideas about it. Think … [Read more...]